Surah Ad-Dukhan

Translation, History and Significance
Surah Ad-Dukhan

Surah Ad-Dukhan is an enlightening chapter of the Quran. “Dukhan” means smoke, and the word is first mentioned in the 10th verse of the surah. This surah is the 44th chapter of the Quran and comprises 59 verses. Surah Ad-Dukhan was revealed in Makkah approximately between 614 – 617 AD.

Surah Ad-Dukhan largely discusses the story of Hazrat Musa (AS), the Pharaoh and the children of Israel. This surah also reveals a lot about the revelation on the Night of Decree (Laylat-ul-Qadr) and unity as well as the creation of the heavens and the Earth. In Surah Ad-Dukhan you can learn about the fate of disbelievers of Islam. 

According to tradition, the Holy Prophet (SAW) said: 

“One who recites Surah al-Dukhan on Friday in the day and at night, God will have a mansion built for him in Paradise.”

This shows that reciting this surah will help grant the reciter a place in heaven and help rid him of his sins. There is a lot of benefit in reciting including bringing peace and prosperity to one’s business. 


Surah Ad Dukhan

Transliteration and Meaning

Bismillah ir Rahman ir Raheem

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

1. Haa Meeem


2. Wal Kitaabil Mubeen

By the Book that makes things clear;-

3. Inna anzalnaahu fi lailatim mubarakah; innaa kunna munzireen

We sent it down during a Blessed Night: for We (ever) wish to warn (against Evil).

4. Feehaa yufraqu kullu amrin hakeem

In the (Night) is made distinct every affair of wisdom,

5. Amram min ‘indinaaa; innaa kunnaa mursileen

By command, from Our Presence. For We (ever) send (revelations),

6. Rahmatam mir rabbik; innahoo Huwas Samee’ul ‘Aleem

As Mercy from thy Lord: for He hears and knows (all things);

7. Rabbis samaawaati wal ardi wa maa bainahumaa; in kuntum mooqineen

The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all between them, if ye (but) have an assured faith.

8. Laaa ilaaha illaa Huwa yuhyee  wa yumeetu Rabbukum wa Rabbu aabaaa’ikumul awwaleen

There is no god but He: It is He Who gives life and gives death,- The Lord and Cherisher to you and your earliest ancestors.

9. Bal hum fee shakkiny yal’aboon

Yet they play about in doubt.

10. Fartaqib Yawma ta’tis samaaa’u bi dukhaanin mubeen

Then watch thou for the Day that the sky will bring forth a kind of smoke (or mist) plainly visible,

11. Yaghshan naasa haazaa ‘azaabun aleem

Enveloping the people: this will be a Penalty Grievous.

12. Rabbanak shif ‘annal ‘azaaba innaa mu’minoon

(They will say:) “Our Lord! remove the Penalty from us, for we do really believe!”

13. Annaa lahumuz zikraa wa qad jaaa’ahum Rasoolum mubeen

How shall the message be (effectual) for them, seeing that an Messenger explaining things clearly has (already) come to them,-

14. Summaa tawallaw ‘anhu wa qaaloo mu’allamum majnoon

Yet they turn away from him and say: “Tutored (by others), a man possessed!”

15. Innaa kaashiful ‘azaabi qaleelaa; innakum ‘aaa’idoon

We shall indeed remove the Penalty for a while, (but) truly ye will revert (to your ways).

16. Yawma nabtishul batsha tal kubraa innaa muntaqimoon

One day We shall seize you with a mighty onslaught: We will indeed (then) exact Retribution!

17. Wa laqad fatannaa qablahum qawma Fir’awna wa jaaa’ahum Rasoolun kareem

We did, before them, try the people of Pharaoh: there came to them a messenger most honourable,

18. An addooo ilaiya ‘ibaadal laahi innee lakum Rasoolun ameen

Saying: “Restore to me the Servants of Allah: I am to you a messenger worthy of all trust;

19. Wa al laa ta’loo ‘alal laahi innee aateekum bisultaanim mubeen

“And be not arrogant as against Allah: for I come to you with authority manifest.

20. Wa innee ‘uztu bi Rabbee wa rabbikum an tarjumoon

“For me, I have sought safety with my Lord and your Lord, against your injuring me.

21. Wa il lam tu’minoo lee fa’taziloon

“If ye believe me not, at least keep yourselves away from me.”

22. Fada’aa rabbahooo anna haaa’ulaaa’i qawmum mujrimoon

(But they were aggressive:) Then he cried to his Lord: “These are indeed a people given to sin.”

23. Fa asri bi’ibaadee lailan innakum muttaba’oon

(The reply came:) “March forth with My Servants by night: for ye are sure to be pursued.

24. Watrukil bahra rahwan innahum jundum mughraqoon

“And leave the sea as a furrow (divided): for they are a host (destined) to be drowned.”

25. Kam tarakoo min jannaatinw wa ‘uyoon

How many were the gardens and springs they left behind,

26. Wa zuroo’inw wa maqaa min kareem

And corn-fields and noble buildings,

27. Wa na’matin kaanoo feehaa faakiheen

And wealth (and conveniences of life), wherein they had taken such delight!

28. Kazaalika wa awrasnaahaa qawman aakhareen

Thus (was their end)! And We made other people inherit (those things)!

29. Famaa bakat ‘alaihimus samaaa’u wal ardu wa maa kaanoo munzareen

And neither heaven nor earth shed a tear over them: nor were they given a respite (again).

30. Wa laqad najjainaa Baneee Israaa’eela minal’azaabil muheen

We did deliver aforetime the Children of Israel from humiliating Punishment,

31. Min Fir’awn; innahoo kaana ‘aaliyam minal musrifeen

Inflicted by Pharaoh, for he was arrogant (even) among inordinate transgressors.

32. Wa laqadikh tarnaahum ‘alaa ‘ilmin ‘alal ‘aalameen

And We chose them aforetime above the nations, knowingly,

33. Wa aatainaahum minal aayaati maa feehi balaaa’um mubeen

And granted them Signs in which there was a manifest trial

34. Inna haaa’ulaaa’i la yaqooloon

As to these (Quraish), they say forsooth:

35. In hiya illaa mawtatunal oolaa wa maa nahnu bimun shareen

“There is nothing beyond our first death, and we shall not be raised again.

36. Fa’too bi aabaaa’inaaa inkuntum saadiqeen

“Then bring (back) our forefathers, if what ye say is true!”

37. Ahum khayrun am qawmu Tubba’inw wallazeena min qablihim; ahlaknaahum innahum kaanoo mujrimeen

What! Are they better than the people of Tubba and those who were before them? We destroyed them because they were guilty of sin.

38. Wa maa khalaqnas samaawaati wal arda wa maa bainahuma laa’ibeen

We created not the heavens, the earth, and all between them, merely in (idle) sport:

39. Maa khalaqnaahumaaa illaa bilhaqqi wa laakinna aksarahum laa ya’lamoon

We created them not except for just ends: but most of them do not understand.

40. Inna yawmal fasli meeqaatuhum ajma’een

Verily the Day of sorting out is the time appointed for all of them,-

41. Yawma laa yughnee mawlan ‘am mawlan shai’anw wa laa hum yunsaroon

The Day when no protector can avail his client in aught, and no help can they receive,

42. Illaa mar rahimal laah’ innahoo huwal ‘azeezur raheem

Except such as receiving Allah’s Mercy: for He is Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.

43. Inna shajarataz zaqqoom

Verily the tree of Zaqqum

44. Ta’aamul aseem

Will be the food of the Sinful,-

45. Kalmuhli yaghlee filbutoon

Like molten brass; it will boil in their insides.

46. Kaghalyil hameem

Like the boiling of scalding water.

47. Khuzoohu fa’tiloohu ilaa sawaaa’il Jaheem

(A voice will cry: “Seize ye him and drag him into the midst of the Blazing Fire!

48. Summa subboo fawqa ra’sihee min ‘azaabil hameem

“Then pour over his head the Penalty of Boiling Water,

49. Zuq innaka antal ‘azeezul kareem

“Taste thou (this)! Truly wast thou mighty, full of honour!

50. Inna haazaa maa kuntum bihee tamtaroon

“Truly this is what ye used to doubt!”

51. Innal muttaqeena fee maqaamin ameen

As to the Righteous (they will be) in a position of Security,

52. Fee jannaatinw wa ‘uyoon

Among Gardens and Springs;

53. Yalbasoona min sundusinw wa istabraqim mutaqaabileen

Dressed in fine silk and in rich brocade, they will face each other;

54. Kazaalika wa zawwajnaahum bihoorin ‘een

So; and We shall join them to fair women with beautiful, big, and lustrous eyes.

55. Yad’oona feehaa bikulli faakihatin aamineen

There can they call for every kind of fruit in peace and security;

56. Laa yazooqoona feehal mawtaa illal mawtatal oolaa wa waqaahum ‘azaabal jaheem

Nor will they there taste Death, except the first death; and He will preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire,-

57. Fadlam mir rabbik; zaalika huwal fawzul ‘azeem

As a Bounty from thy Lord! that will be the supreme achievement!

58. Fa innamaa yassarnaahu bilisaanika la’allahum yatazakkaroon

Verily, We have made this (Qur´an) easy, in thy tongue, in order that they may give heed.

59. Fartaqib innahum murta qiboon

So wait thou and watch; for they (too) are waiting.

If you want to listen to Surah Ad-Dukhan recited as you explore the beauty of Makkah through a wonderfully depicted 3D recreation of the Holy Land, download the WUZU app today.